The Great Gatsby: Decoding Dreams and Desires of the 1920s


The Great Gatsby, written by F. Scott Fitzgerald, is a classic piece of American literature that has captivated readers for generations. Set in the 1920s, the novel explores themes of love, wealth, and the pursuit of the American Dream. With its vivid descriptions, complex characters, and intricate plot, The Great Gatsby continues to be a beloved and widely studied work of fiction.

Author’s Background

Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald, commonly known as F. Scott Fitzgerald, was born on September 24, 1896, in St. Paul, Minnesota. Fitzgerald was a prominent American writer of the 1920s, often referred to as the “Jazz Age” or the “Roaring Twenties.” He is best known for his novels, including The Great Gatsby, This Side of Paradise, and Tender Is the Night.

Fitzgerald’s writing style is characterized by its lyrical prose and keen observations of the human condition. His works often explore themes of wealth, social class, and the disillusionment of the American Dream. Fitzgerald himself experienced the highs and lows of the Jazz Age, as he and his wife, Zelda, were part of the glamorous social scene in New York City.

However, Fitzgerald’s personal life was marred by financial struggles, alcoholism, and the decline of his wife’s mental health. Despite these challenges, he continued to write and publish throughout his life. Fitzgerald’s works were not initially well-received, but they gained recognition and acclaim after his death in 1940.

The Great Gatsby, published in 1925, is considered Fitzgerald’s masterpiece. The novel tells the story of Jay Gatsby, a mysterious millionaire who is obsessed with rekindling his romance with Daisy Buchanan, a woman from his past. Through the eyes of the narrator, Nick Carraway, the reader is taken on a journey into the opulent and morally corrupt world of the wealthy elite.

Plot Summary

The Roaring Twenties

The Great Gatsby, written by F. Scott Fitzgerald and published in 1925, is a classic American novel that explores themes of wealth, love, and the pursuit of the American Dream. Set in the 1920s, also known as the Roaring Twenties, the novel takes place in the fictional town of West Egg on Long Island, New York. The story is narrated by Nick Carraway, a young man who moves to New York to work in the bond business.

The Mysterious Jay Gatsby

Nick’s neighbor in West Egg is the enigmatic Jay Gatsby, a wealthy and extravagant man known for his lavish parties. Gatsby is a self-made millionaire who has acquired his wealth through illegal means, specifically bootlegging during the Prohibition era. Despite his wealth and extravagant lifestyle, Gatsby remains a mysterious figure, with rumors and speculation surrounding his background and the source of his wealth.

The Unattainable Daisy Buchanan

Gatsby’s obsession is Daisy Buchanan, Nick’s cousin and the wife of Tom Buchanan, a wealthy and arrogant man. Gatsby and Daisy had a romantic relationship before Gatsby went off to fight in World War I, but Daisy ultimately married Tom while Gatsby was away. Gatsby spends years amassing his wealth and throwing extravagant parties in the hopes of attracting Daisy’s attention and winning her back.

The American Dream

The Great Gatsby explores the theme of the American Dream, the idea that anyone can achieve success and happiness through hard work and determination. Gatsby embodies this ideal, as he starts out as a poor young man and transforms himself into a wealthy and powerful figure. However, the novel also exposes the flaws and limitations of the American Dream, as Gatsby’s pursuit of wealth and love ultimately leads to his downfall.

The Corruption of Wealth

Fitzgerald also examines the corrupting influence of wealth and materialism in The Great Gatsby. The characters in the novel are obsessed with money, status, and material possessions, often at the expense of their own happiness and moral values. Gatsby’s extravagant parties and his pursuit of Daisy are driven by his desire to fit in with the wealthy elite and to prove himself worthy of Daisy’s love.

The Illusion of the Past

Throughout the novel, Fitzgerald explores the theme of the illusion of the past. Gatsby is obsessed with recreating the past and reliving his romantic relationship with Daisy. He buys a mansion across the bay from Daisy’s house and throws extravagant parties in the hopes of attracting her attention. However, Gatsby’s efforts are ultimately in vain, as he is unable to recapture the past and win Daisy back.

The Tragic End

The Great Gatsby culminates in a tragic ending. Gatsby’s dream of being with Daisy is shattered when she chooses to stay with Tom, despite her love for Gatsby. In a fit of rage and despair, Gatsby takes the blame for a car accident that Daisy is involved in, ultimately leading to his own death. The novel ends with Gatsby’s funeral, attended only by Nick and Gatsby’s father, highlighting the emptiness and superficiality of Gatsby’s life and the world he inhabited.

The Legacy of The Great Gatsby

The Great Gatsby is considered one of the greatest American novels of all time and has had a lasting impact on literature and popular culture. Fitzgerald’s exploration of themes such as the American Dream, wealth, and the illusion of the past continue to resonate with readers today. The novel’s vivid portrayal of the Roaring Twenties and its critique of the excesses and moral decay of the era have made it a timeless classic.

One of the key aspects of The Great Gatsby’s legacy is its exploration of the corrupting influence of wealth and materialism. Fitzgerald paints a picture of a society obsessed with money and status, where people are willing to do anything to achieve their desires. Through the character of Jay Gatsby, a self-made millionaire, Fitzgerald shows the emptiness and hollowness that can come with the accumulation of wealth. Gatsby’s extravagant parties and lavish lifestyle are a fa├žade, masking his longing for love and acceptance.

Another significant aspect of the novel’s legacy is its examination of the illusion of the American Dream. The characters in The Great Gatsby are all striving for a better life, but they soon discover that the pursuit of wealth and success does not guarantee happiness or fulfillment. Fitzgerald’s portrayal of the disillusionment and shattered dreams of his characters resonates with readers, as it reflects the harsh realities of life and the limitations of the American Dream.

Furthermore, The Great Gatsby’s legacy lies in its timeless themes and universal messages. The novel explores themes of love, betrayal, and the loss of innocence, which are all relatable and relevant to readers of any generation. Fitzgerald’s beautiful prose and vivid descriptions transport readers to the opulent world of the 1920s, while also delving into deeper themes that continue to resonate with readers today.


In conclusion, The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald is a timeless classic that continues to captivate readers with its exploration of the American Dream and its critique of the superficiality of the upper class. Fitzgerald’s elegant prose and vivid descriptions bring the 1920s to life, immersing readers in a world of excess and disillusionment. The novel’s enduring legacy lies in its ability to resonate with readers of all generations, reminding us of the dangers of pursuing wealth and status at the expense of genuine human connection.

Book Like The Great Gatsby

If you’ve been captivated by the glamour and tragedy of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s timeless classic, The Great Gatsby, then allow me to whisk you away to a world of similar allure and intrigue. Here are a few recommendations that will transport you to the same era and evoke that same sense of longing and disillusionment.

1. Tender is the Night by F. Scott Fitzgerald: Dive deeper into Fitzgerald’s exquisite prose with this poignant novel. Set on the French Riviera in the 1920s, it follows the lives of a glamorous couple, Dick and Nicole Diver, and explores themes of wealth, mental illness, and the disintegration of the American Dream.

2. The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway: Hemingway’s masterpiece takes us to the vibrant streets of 1920s Paris and the bullfighting arenas of Pamplona, Spain. Through the eyes of Jake Barnes, a disillusioned war veteran, we witness the aimless lives and lost generation of expatriates, searching for meaning in a post-war world.

3. Brideshead Revisited by Evelyn Waugh: Waugh’s elegant novel transports us to the opulent world of the British aristocracy in the 1920s and ’30s. Through the eyes of Charles Ryder, we witness the tumultuous lives of the Marchmain family, their decadent lifestyle, and the clash between their Catholic faith and their desires.

4. The Beautiful and Damned by F. Scott Fitzgerald: If you crave more of Fitzgerald’s exquisite storytelling, this novel is a perfect choice. It delves into the lives of Anthony and Gloria Patch, a young couple living in New York City, as they navigate the pitfalls of wealth, ambition, and the disintegration of their marriage.

5. The House of Mirth by Edith Wharton: Wharton’s novel takes us to the upper echelons of New York society in the early 20th century. Through the story of Lily Bart, a beautiful but penniless socialite, we witness the ruthless pursuit of wealth, the constraints of gender, and the tragic consequences of societal expectations.

6. A Moveable Feast by Ernest Hemingway: Immerse yourself in the bohemian world of 1920s Paris with Hemingway’s memoir. Through his vivid recollections, we encounter literary giants like F. Scott Fitzgerald, Gertrude Stein, and Ezra Pound, and experience the vibrant atmosphere that inspired their works.

7. The Age of Innocence by Edith Wharton: Set in New York City during the Gilded Age, Wharton’s novel explores the stifling social conventions and the price one pays for breaking them. Through the forbidden love affair between Newland Archer and Countess Ellen Olenska, we witness the clash between tradition and desire.

These books, much like The Great Gatsby, offer glimpses into the glittering yet hollow lives of the privileged, the pursuit of love and happiness, and the disillusionment that often follows. So, grab a cup of tea, settle into a cozy armchair, and let these literary gems transport you to a bygone era of elegance and melancholy.

– Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. Scribner, 1925.

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